Weeks One and Two
- Translation is “an interlinguistic transfer procedure comprising the interpretation of the sense of a source text and the production of a target text with the intent of establishing a relationship of equivalence between the two texts, while at the same time observing both the inherent communication parameters and the constraints imposed on the translator.” (From: Terminologie de la traduction – Translation Terminology, p. 188)
- Globalization (G11N), internationalization (I18N), and localization (L10N) are defined and explained at the Localisation Industry Standards Association (LISA) website under “About Globalisation“.
- Locale is “a set of parameters that defines the user’s language, country and any special variant preferences that the user wants to see in their user interface. Usually a locale identifier consists of at least a language identifier and a region identifier.” (Wikipedia: Locale).
See also ISO 3166-2 for two-letter country codes and ISO 639-1 for two- and three-letter language codes.
- Character encoding “consists of a code that pairs each character from a given repertoire with something else, such as a sequence of natural numbers, octets or electrical pulses, in order to facilitate thetransmission of data (generally numbers and/or text) through telecommunication networks or storage of text in computers. Other terms like character encoding, character set (charset), and sometimes character map or code page are used almost interchangeably.” (Wikipedia: Character encoding)
- “In typography, a font (also fount) is traditionally defined as a quantity of sorts composing a complete character set of a single size and style of a particular typeface. … After the introduction of computer fonts based on fully scalable outlines, a broader definition evolved. Font is no longer size-specific, but still refers to a single style. Bulmer regular, Bulmer italic, Bulmer bold and Bulmer bold italic are four fonts, but one typeface. However, the term font is also often used as a synonym for typeface.” (Wikipedia: Font).
- “A keyboard layout is any specific mechanical, visual, or functional arrangement of the keys, legends, or key–meaning associations (respectively) of a computer, typewriter, or other typographic keyboard.” (Wikipedia: Keyboard layout).
- Unicode “provides a unique number for every character, no matter what the platform, no matter what the program, no matter what the language.” (The Unicode Consortium: What is Unicode?)