Weeks One and Two

  1. Translation is “an interlinguistic transfer procedure comprising the interpretation of the sense of a source text and the production of a target text with the intent of establishing a relationship of equivalence between the two texts, while at the same time observing both the inherent communication parameters and the constraints imposed on the translator.” (From: Terminologie de la traduction – Translation Terminology, p. 188)
  2. Globalization (G11N), internationalization (I18N), and localization (L10N) are defined and explained at the Localisation Industry Standards Association (LISA) website under “About Globalisation“.
  3. Locale is “a set of parameters that defines the user’s language, country and any special variant preferences that the user wants to see in their user interface. Usually a locale identifier consists of at least a language identifier and a region identifier.” (Wikipedia: Locale).
    See also ISO 3166-2 for two-letter country codes and ISO 639-1 for two- and three-letter language codes.
  4. Character encoding “consists of a code that pairs each character from a given repertoire with something else, such as a sequence of natural numbers, octets or electrical pulses, in order to facilitate thetransmission of data (generally numbers and/or text) through telecommunication networks or storage of text in computers. Other terms like character encoding, character set (charset), and sometimes character map or code page are used almost interchangeably.” (Wikipedia: Character encoding)
  5. “In typography, a font (also fount) is traditionally defined as a quantity of sorts composing a complete character set of a single size and style of a particular typeface. … After the introduction of computer fonts based on fully scalable outlines, a broader definition evolved. Font is no longer size-specific, but still refers to a single style. Bulmer regular, Bulmer italic, Bulmer bold and Bulmer bold italic are four fonts, but one typeface. However, the term font is also often used as a synonym for typeface.” (Wikipedia: Font).
  6. “A keyboard layout is any specific mechanical, visual, or functional arrangement of the keys, legends, or key–meaning associations (respectively) of a computer, typewriter, or other typographic keyboard.” (Wikipedia: Keyboard layout).
  7. Unicode “provides a unique number for every character, no matter what the platform, no matter what the program, no matter what the language.” (The Unicode Consortium: What is Unicode?)

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